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#1 Le 24/11/2022, à 00:34

lool_lauris

Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

Salut,

L'écran de démarrage n'apparaît plus, le PC démarre systématiquement sur windows sans laisser le choix de l'OS.
Il s'agit d'une machine (Toshiba Satellite Pro C50-A-1C8) sur laquelle, il y a environ 2 ans, j'avais installé Xubuntu 20.04 à côté de windows 10. Le propriétaire du PC n'a pas réussi à me dire s'il y avait eu quelque chose en particulier (après mise à jour par exemple).

J'ai tenté de réparer le GRUB en lançant Ubuntu via Super Grub et lancer les commandes :

sudo grub-install /dev/sda
sudo update-grub

Mais au redémarrage, pas de GRUB, c'est windows qui prend la main.



J'ai également tenté de réparer avec Boot Repair mais pareil, le démarrage se fait sur windows.

Avant toute manip, j'ai pris la précaution de faire un rapport Boot-Info. Puis j'ai fait un rapport Boot-Info après la réparation Boot Repair.

1/ Boot info avant réparation : https://paste.ubuntu.com/p/WJxqzkVXms/

boot-repair-4ppa200                                              [20221123_2205]

============================== Boot Info Summary ===============================

 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda.
 => Grub2 (v2.00) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb and looks at sector 1 of 
    the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks 
    for (,2)/grub. It also embeds following components:
    
    modules
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    offsetio extcmd macho elf file setkey gettext boot bufio verifiers crypto 
    terminal normal datetime date mmap drivemap blocklist regexp archelp newc 
    vga_text relocator video chain ntldr search_label search_fs_file 
    search_fs_uuid search keylayouts at_keyboard pci usb usb_keyboard gcry_md5 
    hashsum gcry_crc gzio xzio lzopio lspci fshelp ext2 xfs acpi iso9660 
    gcry_sha1 div udf exfat font diskfilter raid6rec zstd btrfs ventoy read 
    halt video_fb vbe linux linux16 test true sleep reboot echo bitmap 
    bitmap_scale gfxterm video_colors trig gfxmenu videotest videoinfo 
    functional_test videotest_checksum video_cirrus video_bochs vga minicmd 
    help configfile tr biosdisk disk ls tar squash4 pbkdf2 gcry_sha512 
    password_pbkdf2 all_video png jpeg part_gpt part_msdos fat ntfs loopback 
    gfxterm_background procfs gfxterm_menu
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/10/11/2012: FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /efi/Boot/bootx64.efi /efi/Boot/fbx64.efi 
                       /efi/Boot/mmx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/mmx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/shimx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/10/11/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  Windows 10 or 11
    Boot files:        /bootmgr /Windows/System32/winload.exe

sda4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/10/11/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda5: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab /etc/default/grub

sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       exfat
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Mounting failed:   fuse: mount failed: Device or resource busy

sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       iso9660
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg


================================ 2 OS detected =================================

OS#1:   Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS on sda5
OS#2:   Windows 10 or 11 on sda3

================================ Host/Hardware =================================

CPU architecture: 64-bit
Video: 3rd Gen Core processor Graphics Controller from Intel Corporation
Live-session OS is Ubuntu 64-bit (Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit 20200604, bionic, x86_64)

===================================== UEFI =====================================

BIOS/UEFI firmware: 1.20 from Insyde Corp.
The firmware is EFI-compatible, and is set in EFI-mode for this live-session.
SecureBoot disabled - SecureBoot disabled - Please report this message to boot.repair@gmail.com.
BootCurrent: 0005
Timeout: 0 seconds
BootOrder: 2001,0003,0000,0002,2003,2002
Boot0000* ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(\EFI\ubuntu\shimx64.efi)
Boot0001* EFI Network 0 for IPv6 (0C-54-A5-42-E5-77) 	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1c,0x2)/Pci(0x0,0x0)/MAC(0c54a542e577,0)/IPv6([::]:<->[::]:,0,0)RC
Boot0002* Ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(\EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi)RC
Boot0003* Windows Boot Manager	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(\EFI\Microsoft\Boot\bootmgfw.efi)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}...a................
Boot0004* EFI Network 0 for IPv4 (0C-54-A5-42-E5-77) 	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1c,0x2)/Pci(0x0,0x0)/MAC(0c54a542e577,0)/IPv4(0.0.0.00.0.0.0,0,0)RC
Boot0005* EFI USB Device (USB DISK 2.0)	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1d,0x0)/USB(0,0)/USB(1,0)/HD(2,MBR,0x4b26eab,0x1cdc000,0x10000)RC
Boot2001* EFI USB Device	RC
Boot2002* EFI DVD/CDROM	RC
Boot2003* EFI Network	RC

728124f6ec8e22fbdbe7034812c81b95   sda1/Boot/bootx64.efi
85fa9d77b929ec4231aba29476574eb6   sda1/Boot/fbx64.efi
469e608783843a701d172242f016c79c   sda1/Boot/mmx64.efi
51cfb66bc06dfbc97be2a010ebef52f3   sda1/ubuntu/grubx64.efi
469e608783843a701d172242f016c79c   sda1/ubuntu/mmx64.efi
728124f6ec8e22fbdbe7034812c81b95   sda1/ubuntu/shimx64.efi
d1f6c29ed98f2a8102fd87c118371e0b   sda1/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
85b10a5efd8419adc616cb2a5a70db30   sda1/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi

============================= Drive/Partition Info =============================

Disks info: ____________________________________________________________________

sda	: is-GPT,	no-BIOSboot,	has---ESP, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	has-win,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes

Partitions info (1/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: no-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	not-far
sda3	: is-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios
sda4	: no-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios
sda5	: is-os,	64, apt-get,	signed grub-pc grub-efi ,	grub2,	grub-install,	grubenv-ok,	update-grub,	farbios

Partitions info (2/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: is---ESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot
sda3	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	bootmgr,	notwinboot
sda4	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot
sda5	: isnotESP,	fstab-has-goodEFI,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot

Partitions info (3/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: not--sepboot,	no---boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	no--grub.d,	sda
sda3	: not--sepboot,	no---boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	no--grub.d,	sda
sda4	: not--sepboot,	no---boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	no--grub.d,	sda
sda5	: not--sepboot,	with-boot,	fstab-without-boot,	not-sep-usr,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	std-grub.d,	sda

fdisk -l (filtered): ___________________________________________________________

Disk sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Disk identifier: F107CCBF-DEB6-4C08-98AB-9281F1F0A855
          Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
sda1       2048    206847    204800  100M EFI System
sda2     206848    239615     32768   16M Microsoft reserved
sda3     239616 396654277 396414662  189G Microsoft basic data
sda4  975427584 976769023   1341440  655M Windows recovery environment
sda5  396654592 975427583 578772992  276G Linux filesystem
Partition table entries are not in disk order.
Disk sdb: 14.5 GiB, 15527313408 bytes, 30326784 sectors
Disk identifier: 0x04b26eab
      Boot    Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
sdb1  *        2048 30261247 30259200 14.4G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
sdb2       30261248 30326783    65536   32M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)
Disk dm-0: 880 MiB, 922746880 bytes, 1802240 sectors
Disk identifier: 0x2c534026
       Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
dm-0p1 *        0 1802239 1802240  880M  0 Empty
dm-0p2        964    5891    4928  2.4M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)
Disk zram0: 952.6 MiB, 998821888 bytes, 243853 sectors
Disk zram1: 952.6 MiB, 998821888 bytes, 243853 sectors

parted -lm (filtered): _________________________________________________________

sda:500GB:scsi:512:512:gpt:ATA TOSHIBA MQ01ABF0:;
1:1049kB:106MB:105MB:fat32:EFI system partition:boot, esp;
2:106MB:123MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
3:123MB:203GB:203GB:ntfs:Basic data partition:msftdata;
5:203GB:499GB:296GB:ext4::;
4:499GB:500GB:687MB:ntfs::hidden, diag;
sdb:15.5GB:scsi:512:512:msdos: USB DISK 2.0:;
1:1049kB:15.5GB:15.5GB:::boot;
2:15.5GB:15.5GB:33.6MB:fat16::esp;

blkid (filtered): ______________________________________________________________

NAME   FSTYPE   UUID                                 PARTUUID                             LABEL                  PARTLABEL
sda                                                                                                              
├─sda1 vfat     243C-CB0B                            0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671                        EFI system partition
├─sda2                                               61ddf36b-e612-4d6a-bf24-1ccdbd1fda89                        Microsoft reserved partition
├─sda3 ntfs     ACE041D4E041A584                     3df76230-bd0a-4cf9-88d0-e5eb665c56d5                        Basic data partition
├─sda4 ntfs     1818A16A18A14798                     2fe21094-9f38-4819-96ca-302739cd0c9a                        
└─sda5 ext4     4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483 697275a6-13bc-47c6-85f0-f59ef2e639d5                        
sdb                                                                                                              
├─sdb1 exfat    EF30-F2F9                            04b26eab-01                          Ventoy                 
└─sdb2 iso9660  2020-06-13-00-42-55-00                                                    Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit 

Mount points (filtered): _______________________________________________________

                    Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/ventoy      0 100% /cdrom
/dev/sda1           65.7M  32% /mnt/boot-sav/sda1
/dev/sda3           38.4G  80% /mnt/boot-sav/sda3
/dev/sda4           87.5M  87% /mnt/boot-sav/sda4
/dev/sda5          108.4G  55% /mnt/boot-sav/sda5
/dev/sdb2               0 100% /media/lubuntu/Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit

Mount options (filtered): ______________________________________________________

/dev/mapper/ventoy iso9660         ro,noatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048
/dev/sda1          vfat            rw,relatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro
/dev/sda3          fuseblk         rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
/dev/sda4          fuseblk         rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
/dev/sda5          ext4            rw,relatime
/dev/sdb2          iso9660         ro,nosuid,nodev,relatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048

===================== sda1/efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================

search.fs_uuid 4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483 root hd0,gpt5 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg

====================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================

Ubuntu   4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483
Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.4.0-132-generic   4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483
Ubuntu, avec Linux 5.4.0-131-generic   4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483
Windows Boot Manager (sur sda1)   osprober-efi-243C-CB0B
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
UEFI Firmware Settings   uefi-firmware
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

========================== sda5/etc/fstab (filtered) ===========================

# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=243C-CB0B  /boot/efi       vfat    umask=0077      0       1
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0

======================= sda5/etc/default/grub (filtered) =======================

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE=menu
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""

==================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)
 394.186634064 = 423.254675456  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             2
 320.957065582 = 344.625025024  boot/vmlinuz                                   1
 224.363311768 = 240.908271616  boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-131-generic                 2
 320.957065582 = 344.625025024  boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-132-generic                 1
 224.363311768 = 240.908271616  boot/vmlinuz.old                               2
 322.774753571 = 346.576752640  boot/initrd.img                                5
 346.735691071 = 372.304613376  boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-131-generic              1
 322.774753571 = 346.576752640  boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-132-generic              5
 346.735691071 = 372.304613376  boot/initrd.img.old                            1

===================== sda5: ls -l /etc/grub.d/ (filtered) ======================

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 18224 Jan 11  2022 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 42359 Jan 13  2021 10_linux_zfs
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12894 Jan 13  2021 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 Jan 13  2021 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1424 Jan 13  2021 30_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   700 Feb 21  2022 35_fwupd
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 Jan 13  2021 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 Jan 13  2021 41_custom

=========================== sda5/etc/grub.d/35_fwupd ===========================

#! /bin/sh
# SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1+
set -e
[ -d ${pkgdatadir:?} ]
# shellcheck source=/dev/null
. "$pkgdatadir/grub-mkconfig_lib"
if [ -f /var/lib/fwupd/uefi_capsule.conf ] &&
   ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/fwupd-*-0abba7dc-e516-4167-bbf5-4d9d1c739416 1>/dev/null 2>&1; then
      . /var/lib/fwupd/uefi_capsule.conf
      if [ "${EFI_PATH}" != "" ] && [ "${ESP}" != "" ]; then
      echo "Adding Linux Firmware Updater entry" >&2
cat << EOF
menuentry 'Linux Firmware Updater' \$menuentry_id_option 'fwupd' {
EOF
      ${grub_probe:?}
      prepare_grub_to_access_device '`${grub_probe} --target=device \${ESP}` | sed -e "s/^/\t/"'
cat << EOF
	chainloader ${EFI_PATH}
}
EOF
      fi
fi

====================== sdb2/boot/grub/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================


==================== sdb2: Location of files loaded by Grub ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)
            ?? = ??             boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1



Suggested repair: ______________________________________________________________

The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility would reinstall the grub-efi of
sda5,
using the following options:  sda1/boot/efi
Additional repair would be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s use-standard-efi-file

Final advice in case of suggested repair: ______________________________________

Please do not forget to make your UEFI firmware boot on the Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS entry (sda1/efi/****/grub****.efi (**** will be updated in the final message) file) !
If your computer reboots directly into Windows, try to change the boot order in your UEFI firmware.
If your UEFI firmware does not allow to change the boot order, change the default boot entry of the Windows bootloader.
For example you can boot into Windows, then type the following command in an admin command prompt:
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\****\grub****.efi (**** will be updated in the final message)

2/ Boot info après réparation : https://paste.ubuntu.com/p/zmnWj8cC5p/

boot-repair-4ppa200                                              [20221123_2232]

============================= Boot Repair Summary ==============================






Recommended repair: ____________________________________________________________

The default repair of the Boot-Repair utility will reinstall the grub-efi of
sda5,
using the following options:  sda1/boot/efi
Additional repair will be performed: unhide-bootmenu-10s use-standard-efi-file restore-efi-backups


rm /mnt/boot-sav/sda1/efi/Boot/bootx64.efi
mv /mnt/boot-sav/sda1/efi/Boot/bkpbootx64.efi /mnt/boot-sav/sda1/efi/Boot/bootx64.efi
Mount sda1 on /mnt/boot-sav/sda5/boot/efi

Unhide GRUB boot menu in sda5/etc/default/grub

======================== Reinstall the grub-efi of sda5 ========================

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 grub-install --version
grub-install (GRUB) 2.04-1ubuntu26.15
modprobe: FATAL: Module efivars not found in directory /lib/modules/5.3.0-28-generic
chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 modprobe efivars

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 efibootmgr -v before grub install
BootCurrent: 0005
Timeout: 0 seconds
BootOrder: 2001,0004,0001,0000,2003,2002
Boot0000* Ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(EFIubuntugrubx64.efi)RC
Boot0001* ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(EFIubuntushimx64.efi)
Boot0002* EFI Network 0 for IPv6 (0C-54-A5-42-E5-77) 	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1c,0x2)/Pci(0x0,0x0)/MAC(0c54a542e577,0)/IPv6([::]:<->[::]:,0,0)RC
Boot0003* EFI Network 0 for IPv4 (0C-54-A5-42-E5-77) 	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1c,0x2)/Pci(0x0,0x0)/MAC(0c54a542e577,0)/IPv4(0.0.0.00.0.0.0,0,0)RC
Boot0004* Windows Boot Manager	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(EFIMicrosoftBootbootmgfw.efi)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}...a................
Boot0005* EFI USB Device (USB DISK 2.0)	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1d,0x0)/USB(0,0)/USB(1,0)/HD(2,MBR,0x4b26eab,0x1cdc000,0x10000)RC
Boot2001* EFI USB Device	RC
Boot2002* EFI DVD/CDROM	RC
Boot2003* EFI Network	RC

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 uname -r
5.3.0-28-generic

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 grub-install --efi-directory=/boot/efi --target=x86_64-efi
Installing for x86_64-efi platform.
Installation finished. No error reported.
df /dev/sda1
mv /mnt/boot-sav/sda5/boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi /mnt/boot-sav/sda5/boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bkpbootx64.efi
cp /mnt/boot-sav/sda5/boot/efi/efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi /mnt/boot-sav/sda5/boot/efi/EFI/Boot/bootx64.efi

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 grub-install --efi-directory=/boot/efi --target=x86_64-efi
Installing for x86_64-efi platform.
Installation finished. No error reported.

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 efibootmgr -v after grub install
BootCurrent: 0005
Timeout: 0 seconds
BootOrder: 0000,2001,0004,2003,2002
Boot0000* ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(EFIubuntushimx64.efi)
Boot0002* EFI Network 0 for IPv6 (0C-54-A5-42-E5-77) 	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1c,0x2)/Pci(0x0,0x0)/MAC(0c54a542e577,0)/IPv6([::]:<->[::]:,0,0)RC
Boot0003* EFI Network 0 for IPv4 (0C-54-A5-42-E5-77) 	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1c,0x2)/Pci(0x0,0x0)/MAC(0c54a542e577,0)/IPv4(0.0.0.00.0.0.0,0,0)RC
Boot0004* Windows Boot Manager	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(EFIMicrosoftBootbootmgfw.efi)WINDOWS.........x...B.C.D.O.B.J.E.C.T.=.{.9.d.e.a.8.6.2.c.-.5.c.d.d.-.4.e.7.0.-.a.c.c.1.-.f.3.2.b.3.4.4.d.4.7.9.5.}...a................
Boot0005* EFI USB Device (USB DISK 2.0)	PciRoot(0x0)/Pci(0x1d,0x0)/USB(0,0)/USB(1,0)/HD(2,MBR,0x4b26eab,0x1cdc000,0x10000)RC
Boot2001* EFI USB Device	RC
Boot2002* EFI DVD/CDROM	RC
Boot2003* EFI Network	RC

chroot /mnt/boot-sav/sda5 update-grub
Sourcing file `/etc/default/grub'
Sourcing file `/etc/default/grub.d/init-select.cfg'
Generating grub configuration file ...
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-132-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-132-generic
Found linux image: /boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-131-generic
Found initrd image: /boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-131-generic
grub-probe: error: cannot find a GRUB drive for /dev/sdb2.  Check your device.map.
Found Windows Boot Manager on /dev/sda1@/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
Adding boot menu entry for UEFI Firmware Settings

Unhide GRUB boot menu in sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg

Boot successfully repaired.

You can now reboot your computer.
Please do not forget to make your UEFI firmware boot on the Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS entry (sda1/efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi file) !
If your computer reboots directly into Windows, try to change the boot order in your UEFI firmware.
If your UEFI firmware does not allow to change the boot order, change the default boot entry of the Windows bootloader.
For example you can boot into Windows, then type the following command in an admin command prompt:
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi


============================ Boot Info After Repair ============================

 => No boot loader is installed in the MBR of /dev/sda.
 => Grub2 (v2.00) is installed in the MBR of /dev/sdb and looks at sector 1 of 
    the same hard drive for core.img. core.img is at this location and looks 
    for (,2)/grub. It also embeds following components:
    
    modules
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    offsetio extcmd macho elf file setkey gettext boot bufio verifiers crypto 
    terminal normal datetime date mmap drivemap blocklist regexp archelp newc 
    vga_text relocator video chain ntldr search_label search_fs_file 
    search_fs_uuid search keylayouts at_keyboard pci usb usb_keyboard gcry_md5 
    hashsum gcry_crc gzio xzio lzopio lspci fshelp ext2 xfs acpi iso9660 
    gcry_sha1 div udf exfat font diskfilter raid6rec zstd btrfs ventoy read 
    halt video_fb vbe linux linux16 test true sleep reboot echo bitmap 
    bitmap_scale gfxterm video_colors trig gfxmenu videotest videoinfo 
    functional_test videotest_checksum video_cirrus video_bochs vga minicmd 
    help configfile tr biosdisk disk ls tar squash4 pbkdf2 gcry_sha512 
    password_pbkdf2 all_video png jpeg part_gpt part_msdos fat ntfs loopback 
    gfxterm_background procfs gfxterm_menu
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

sda1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       vfat
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/10/11/2012: FAT32
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /efi/Boot/bkpbootx64.efi /efi/Boot/bootx64.efi 
                       /efi/Boot/fbx64.efi /efi/Boot/grubx64.efi 
                       /efi/Boot/mmx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/mmx64.efi /efi/ubuntu/shimx64.efi 
                       /efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi 
                       /efi/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi

sda2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 

sda3: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/10/11/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  Windows 10 or 11
    Boot files:        /bootmgr /Windows/System32/winload.exe

sda4: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ntfs
    Boot sector type:  Windows 8/10/11/2012: NTFS
    Boot sector info:  No errors found in the Boot Parameter Block.
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        

sda5: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       ext4
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg /etc/fstab /etc/default/grub

sdb1: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       exfat
    Boot sector type:  -
    Boot sector info: 
    Mounting failed:   fuse: mount failed: Device or resource busy

sdb2: __________________________________________________________________________

    File system:       iso9660
    Boot sector type:  Unknown
    Boot sector info: 
    Operating System:  
    Boot files:        /boot/grub/grub.cfg


================================ 2 OS detected =================================

OS#1:   Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS on sda5
OS#2:   Windows 10 or 11 on sda3

================================ Host/Hardware =================================

CPU architecture: 64-bit
Video: 3rd Gen Core processor Graphics Controller from Intel Corporation
Live-session OS is Ubuntu 64-bit (Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit 20200604, bionic, x86_64)

===================================== UEFI =====================================

BIOS/UEFI firmware: 1.20 from Insyde Corp.
The firmware is EFI-compatible, and is set in EFI-mode for this live-session.
SecureBoot disabled - SecureBoot disabled - Please report this message to boot.repair@gmail.com.
BootCurrent: 0005
Timeout: 0 seconds
BootOrder: 0000,2001,0004,2003,2002
Boot0000* ubuntu	HD(1,GPT,0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671,0x800,0x32000)/File(\EFI\ubuntu\shimx64.efi)
Boot0001  

728124f6ec8e22fbdbe7034812c81b95   sda1/Boot/bkpbootx64.efi
728124f6ec8e22fbdbe7034812c81b95   sda1/Boot/bootx64.efi
85fa9d77b929ec4231aba29476574eb6   sda1/Boot/fbx64.efi
51cfb66bc06dfbc97be2a010ebef52f3   sda1/Boot/grubx64.efi
469e608783843a701d172242f016c79c   sda1/Boot/mmx64.efi
51cfb66bc06dfbc97be2a010ebef52f3   sda1/ubuntu/grubx64.efi
469e608783843a701d172242f016c79c   sda1/ubuntu/mmx64.efi
728124f6ec8e22fbdbe7034812c81b95   sda1/ubuntu/shimx64.efi
d1f6c29ed98f2a8102fd87c118371e0b   sda1/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi
85b10a5efd8419adc616cb2a5a70db30   sda1/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgr.efi

============================= Drive/Partition Info =============================

Disks info: ____________________________________________________________________

sda	: is-GPT,	no-BIOSboot,	has---ESP, 	not-usb,	not-mmc, has-os,	has-win,	2048 sectors * 512 bytes

Partitions info (1/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: no-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	not-far
sda3	: is-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios
sda4	: no-os,	32, nopakmgr,	no-docgrub,	nogrub,	nogrubinstall,	no-grubenv,	noupdategrub,	farbios
sda5	: is-os,	64, apt-get,	signed grub-pc grub-efi ,	grub2,	grub-install,	grubenv-ok,	update-grub,	farbios

Partitions info (2/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: is---ESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot
sda3	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	haswinload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	bootmgr,	notwinboot
sda4	: isnotESP,	part-has-no-fstab,	no-nt,	no-winload,	recovery-or-hidden,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot
sda5	: isnotESP,	fstab-has-goodEFI,	no-nt,	no-winload,	no-recov-nor-hid,	no-bmgr,	notwinboot

Partitions info (3/3): _________________________________________________________

sda1	: not--sepboot,	no---boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	no--grub.d,	sda
sda3	: not--sepboot,	no---boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	no--grub.d,	sda
sda4	: not--sepboot,	no---boot,	part-has-no-fstab,	not-sep-usr,	no---usr,	part-has-no-fstab,	no--grub.d,	sda
sda5	: not--sepboot,	with-boot,	fstab-without-boot,	not-sep-usr,	with--usr,	fstab-without-usr,	std-grub.d,	sda

fdisk -l (filtered): ___________________________________________________________

Disk sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Disk identifier: F107CCBF-DEB6-4C08-98AB-9281F1F0A855
          Start       End   Sectors  Size Type
sda1       2048    206847    204800  100M EFI System
sda2     206848    239615     32768   16M Microsoft reserved
sda3     239616 396654277 396414662  189G Microsoft basic data
sda4  975427584 976769023   1341440  655M Windows recovery environment
sda5  396654592 975427583 578772992  276G Linux filesystem
Partition table entries are not in disk order.
Disk sdb: 14.5 GiB, 15527313408 bytes, 30326784 sectors
Disk identifier: 0x04b26eab
      Boot    Start      End  Sectors  Size Id Type
sdb1  *        2048 30261247 30259200 14.4G  7 HPFS/NTFS/exFAT
sdb2       30261248 30326783    65536   32M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)
Disk dm-0: 880 MiB, 922746880 bytes, 1802240 sectors
Disk identifier: 0x2c534026
       Boot Start     End Sectors  Size Id Type
dm-0p1 *        0 1802239 1802240  880M  0 Empty
dm-0p2        964    5891    4928  2.4M ef EFI (FAT-12/16/32)
Disk zram0: 952.6 MiB, 998821888 bytes, 243853 sectors
Disk zram1: 952.6 MiB, 998821888 bytes, 243853 sectors

parted -lm (filtered): _________________________________________________________

sda:500GB:scsi:512:512:gpt:ATA TOSHIBA MQ01ABF0:;
1:1049kB:106MB:105MB:fat32:EFI system partition:boot, esp;
2:106MB:123MB:16.8MB::Microsoft reserved partition:msftres;
3:123MB:203GB:203GB:ntfs:Basic data partition:msftdata;
5:203GB:499GB:296GB:ext4::;
4:499GB:500GB:687MB:ntfs::hidden, diag;
sdb:15.5GB:scsi:512:512:msdos: USB DISK 2.0:;
1:1049kB:15.5GB:15.5GB:::boot;
2:15.5GB:15.5GB:33.6MB:fat16::esp;

blkid (filtered): ______________________________________________________________

NAME   FSTYPE   UUID                                 PARTUUID                             LABEL                  PARTLABEL
sda                                                                                                              
├─sda1 vfat     243C-CB0B                            0598448d-1111-4b2e-b723-960dd2671671                        EFI system partition
├─sda2                                               61ddf36b-e612-4d6a-bf24-1ccdbd1fda89                        Microsoft reserved partition
├─sda3 ntfs     ACE041D4E041A584                     3df76230-bd0a-4cf9-88d0-e5eb665c56d5                        Basic data partition
├─sda4 ntfs     1818A16A18A14798                     2fe21094-9f38-4819-96ca-302739cd0c9a                        
└─sda5 ext4     4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483 697275a6-13bc-47c6-85f0-f59ef2e639d5                        
sdb                                                                                                              
├─sdb1 exfat    EF30-F2F9                            04b26eab-01                          Ventoy                 
└─sdb2 iso9660  2020-06-13-00-42-55-00                                                    Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit 

Mount points (filtered): _______________________________________________________

                    Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/ventoy      0 100% /cdrom
/dev/sda1           63.2M  34% /mnt/boot-sav/sda1
/dev/sda3           36.1G  81% /mnt/boot-sav/sda3
/dev/sda4           87.5M  87% /mnt/boot-sav/sda4
/dev/sda5          108.4G  55% /mnt/boot-sav/sda5
/dev/sdb2               0 100% /media/lubuntu/Boot-Repair-Disk 64bit

Mount options (filtered): ______________________________________________________

/dev/mapper/ventoy iso9660         ro,noatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048
/dev/sda1          vfat            rw,relatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,errors=remount-ro
/dev/sda3          fuseblk         rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
/dev/sda4          fuseblk         rw,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096
/dev/sda5          ext4            rw,relatime
/dev/sdb2          iso9660         ro,nosuid,nodev,relatime,nojoliet,check=s,map=n,blocksize=2048

===================== sda1/efi/ubuntu/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================

search.fs_uuid 4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483 root hd0,gpt5 
set prefix=($root)'/boot/grub'
configfile $prefix/grub.cfg

====================== sda5/boot/grub/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================

Ubuntu   4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483
Ubuntu, with Linux 5.4.0-132-generic   4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483
Ubuntu, with Linux 5.4.0-131-generic   4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483
Windows Boot Manager (on sda1)   osprober-efi-243C-CB0B
### END /etc/grub.d/30_os-prober ###
UEFI Firmware Settings   uefi-firmware
### END /etc/grub.d/30_uefi-firmware ###

========================== sda5/etc/fstab (filtered) ===========================

# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
# / was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=4ce76eb0-cbe6-4ab4-a256-f8b1e6f55483 /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# /boot/efi was on /dev/sda1 during installation
/swapfile                                 none            swap    sw              0       0
UUID=243C-CB0B  /boot/efi       vfat    defaults      0       1

======================= sda5/etc/default/grub (filtered) =======================

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
GRUB_TIMEOUT_STYLE=menu
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""
GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER=false

==================== sda5: Location of files loaded by Grub ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)
 189.139656067 = 203.087159296  boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1
 320.957065582 = 344.625025024  boot/vmlinuz                                   1
 224.363311768 = 240.908271616  boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-131-generic                 2
 320.957065582 = 344.625025024  boot/vmlinuz-5.4.0-132-generic                 1
 224.363311768 = 240.908271616  boot/vmlinuz.old                               2
 322.774753571 = 346.576752640  boot/initrd.img                                5
 346.735691071 = 372.304613376  boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-131-generic              1
 322.774753571 = 346.576752640  boot/initrd.img-5.4.0-132-generic              5
 346.735691071 = 372.304613376  boot/initrd.img.old                            1

===================== sda5: ls -l /etc/grub.d/ (filtered) ======================

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 18224 Jan 11  2022 10_linux
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 42359 Jan 13  2021 10_linux_zfs
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12894 Jan 13  2021 20_linux_xen
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 12059 Jan 13  2021 30_os-prober
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  1424 Jan 13  2021 30_uefi-firmware
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   700 Feb 21  2022 35_fwupd
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   214 Jan 13  2021 40_custom
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root   216 Jan 13  2021 41_custom

=========================== sda5/etc/grub.d/35_fwupd ===========================

#! /bin/sh
# SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1+
set -e
[ -d ${pkgdatadir:?} ]
# shellcheck source=/dev/null
. "$pkgdatadir/grub-mkconfig_lib"
if [ -f /var/lib/fwupd/uefi_capsule.conf ] &&
   ls /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/fwupd-*-0abba7dc-e516-4167-bbf5-4d9d1c739416 1>/dev/null 2>&1; then
      . /var/lib/fwupd/uefi_capsule.conf
      if [ "${EFI_PATH}" != "" ] && [ "${ESP}" != "" ]; then
      echo "Adding Linux Firmware Updater entry" >&2
cat << EOF
menuentry 'Linux Firmware Updater' \$menuentry_id_option 'fwupd' {
EOF
      ${grub_probe:?}
      prepare_grub_to_access_device '`${grub_probe} --target=device \${ESP}` | sed -e "s/^/\t/"'
cat << EOF
	chainloader ${EFI_PATH}
}
EOF
      fi
fi

====================== sdb2/boot/grub/grub.cfg (filtered) ======================


==================== sdb2: Location of files loaded by Grub ====================

           GiB - GB             File                                 Fragment(s)
            ?? = ??             boot/grub/grub.cfg                             1

Dernière modification par lool_lauris (Le 24/11/2022, à 01:19)


Soutenez le Libre => http://www.april.org/

Hors ligne

#2 Le 24/11/2022, à 00:51

f.x0

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

Bonjour lool_lauris,

As-tu essayé ce qui indiqué après boot-repair ?

Please do not forget to make your UEFI firmware boot on the Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS entry (sda1/efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi file) !
If your computer reboots directly into Windows, try to change the boot order in your UEFI firmware.
If your UEFI firmware does not allow to change the boot order, change the default boot entry of the Windows bootloader.
For example you can boot into Windows, then type the following command in an admin command prompt:
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi

Ce qui donne ~ en français

N'oubliez pas de faire démarrer votre firmware UEFI sur l'entrée Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS (fichier sda1/efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi) !
Si votre ordinateur redémarre directement dans Windows, essayez de changer l'ordre de démarrage dans votre firmware UEFI.
Si votre firmware UEFI ne permet pas de changer l'ordre de démarrage, changez l'entrée de démarrage par défaut du chargeur de démarrage Windows.
Par exemple, vous pouvez démarrer dans Windows, puis taper la commande suivante dans une invite de commande administrateur :
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi


SOPI

Hors ligne

#3 Le 24/11/2022, à 00:55

geole

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

Bonsoir.
Windows a certainement fait une mise à jour de sa structure de boot.
tente la réparation de dernière chance

change the default boot entry of the Windows bootloader.
For example you can boot into Windows, then type the following command in an admin command prompt:
bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi

Ne pas oublier d'être en mode administratif.
La bonne écriture est certainement  devenue.

bcdedit /set '{bootmgr}' path  '\EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi'

En ligne

#4 Le 24/11/2022, à 00:57

lool_lauris

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

@ f.x0 :
J'ai bien vu ce message en fin de réparation mais je n'ai pas compris ce qu'il fallait faire... ou plutôt, je ne vois pas où faire cette déclaration !?

EDIT : je parlais de ceci :

Please do not forget to make your UEFI firmware boot on the Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS entry (sda1/efi/ubuntu/grubx64.efi file) !

Dernière modification par lool_lauris (Le 24/11/2022, à 01:03)


Soutenez le Libre => http://www.april.org/

Hors ligne

#5 Le 24/11/2022, à 01:18

lool_lauris

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

La bonne commande est :

bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi

celle avec les ' n'est pas reconnue.

Merci pour vos infos.


Soutenez le Libre => http://www.april.org/

Hors ligne

#6 Le 24/11/2022, à 01:29

f.x0

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

C'est ok maintenant ?


SOPI

Hors ligne

#7 Le 24/11/2022, à 09:34

lool_lauris

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

Oui oui, c'est OK.
Je n'ai peut-être pas été assez précis dans mon précédent message.
Merci bien, ça fonctionne correctement.
Bonne journée.


Soutenez le Libre => http://www.april.org/

Hors ligne

#8 Le 24/11/2022, à 09:49

malbo

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

Bonjour,
Pourrais-tu donner le retour complet de la commande :

efibootmgr -v

Afin qu'on puisse voir ce que ça donne ?

Hors ligne

#9 Le 24/11/2022, à 12:47

lool_lauris

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

Désolé malbo, le propriétaire du PC a repris sa machine... hmm
Tu penses qu'il peut y avoir un problème résident ? Je ne suis pas sûr de pouvoir récupérer facilement la machine...


Soutenez le Libre => http://www.april.org/

Hors ligne

#10 Le 24/11/2022, à 17:24

malbo

Re : Grub n'apparaît plus - win10 + xubuntu 20.04 [RÉSOLU]

lool_lauris a écrit :

Tu penses qu'il peut y avoir un problème résident ?

Non, pas de problème. Je demandais ça par curiosité.
D'autre part, comme geole l'a signalé plus haut, le problème devait être dû à une mise à jour de Windows. Donc si ça se reproduit que le démarrage par défaut se fasse sur Windows, il faudra refaire la manip avec bcdedit.

Hors ligne